汪悦进:美术史研究与图像的深层理路

文章作者:陈子裳   文章来源:成都蓉城美术馆   发布时间:2011-12-20 20:32 

ZAIZHONGGUOXUESHUJIE,YOUGUANMAWANGDUIHANMUGUANHUAYUBOHUADETAOLUNCENGPOSHOUREYI。JIEHEDUIMAWANGDUICHUTUJIANDU“YISHU”DEYANJIUXINJIE,MEIGUOHAFODAXUEMEISHUSHIYUJIANZHUSHIXIJIAOSHOUWANGYUEJINQIANBUJIUZAIFUDANWENSHIYANJIUYUANCANJIA“TUXIANGYUYISHI:ZHONGGUOGUDAIZONGJIAOSHIYUYISHUSHIDERONGHE”黄金配资 XUESHUHUIYISHI,JIESHOULE《DONGFANGZAOBAO·YISHUPINGLUN》DEZHUANFANG,XIANGSHULEYONGMEISHUSHIYANJIUDE“NEIZHENGFA”QIUJIEGURENSHEJILINIANDEZHIXUEFANGFA。

 
 汪悦进在美国哈佛大学塞克勒博物馆

  美术史到底该如何研究?美术史研究的乐趣何在?

  HAFODAXUEJIAOSHOUWANGYUEJINZHEIXIENIANDUIGUMUZANGYUMEISHUSHIDEYANJIUPOYOUXINDE。JIEHEZUIJINJINIANDEYANJIU,TARENWEI,YANJIUMEISHUSHI,KAOGUCAILIAOHUOZHEYISHUPIN,ZHONGYAODEBUSHIZHEIGEYISHUPINSHISHENME,ERSHIZHEIYIYISHUPINBEIHOUYUNZUODEFANGSHISHISHENME。MEISHUSHIJIUSHIJIEJUEYIGECHUFADIANDEWENTI,BIXUZHONGDIANLINGHUIDANGSHIGURENDELILUHESILU,CHULEXUYAOLUOJIXINGDEXIANGXIANG,KAOZHENGNEIZAIDEGUILVHESHEJIGUIZE,HAIYAOSHUXIKONGJIANJIEGOUDEBIANHUA。

  内证古人对世界的认知方式

  《DONGFANGZAOBAO·YISHUPINGLUN》(YIXIAJIANCHENG“YISHUPINGLUN”):ZAIMEISHUSHIYANJIUZHONG,NIRENWEIRUHEBIKAIJIYOUDEYANJIUDINGSHI,HUODEXINDEYANJIUSILU?

  WANGYUEJIN:LILAILISHIKAOJUDEZHENGMINGCHUANTONGBIJIAOHOUSHI,XIGUANXIANZHENGMING,FANGFOGAOBUQINGZHEIGEDONGXIJIAOSHENME,JIUWUFAMINGQUEZHEIGEDONGXIDEYONGTU。MAWANGDUITXINGBOHUAJIUJINGSHI “FEIYI”HAISHI“MINGJING”, ZHENGLUNHENDUO。QISHIMUZHONGCHUTUJIANCEMINGMINGXIEZHE “YIZHANGZHANGERCHI” 。WOMENZUOMEISHUSHIDEQINGXIANGCONGTUXIANGNEIBUXUNQIUDAAN。MEISHUSHISHIBATUXIANGXITONGZUOWEIYIGEXILIELAIYANJIU,ZHUZHONGXIANGHUDEGUANXIERBUSHIDANGEXIJIEDEMINGSHIKAOJU,ZHEIYANGKEYIKANDAOGENGDUODE股票配资 。

  DANGSHIMAWANGDUIJIWOZUIDADETIAOZHANHUOZHERANGRENZUIBUKELIYUDESHIMUZANGKONGJIANDENEIZAIMAODUN:MUSHILISUOYOUDEYONG、QIWU、LEQI、MINYONGQIDENGDOUJIESHILESANWEIDEYIYINGJUQUANDEKEJUHUANJING;ERSUOYOUTUHUIBIAOXIANDEGUANHUI、BIHUADENGERWEIKONGJIANQUEBIAODALESIZHELIKAIMUDISHANGTIANDESUYUAN。ZHEIGEMAODUNDAODIJIESHILEMUZANGSHEJIZHEXIWANGSIZHEZHANGJUMUSHIHAISHIZAORISHENGTIAN?WOZAISHANGKESHIYEJIXUESHENGJIANGRENSIZHIHOUHUNSHANGTIAN,POLIUDIZHEIZHONGERFENFA,DANQISHIYEYOUWENTI,ZIXIGUANCHAZHEIXIEGUANHUAHUOZHEBOHUA,BINGMEIQIANGDIAOYAOFENLI,HAISHIYIGEWANZHENGDESHENGXIANGUOCHENG。ZHEIYANGERFENFAJIUBUCHENGLILE。SUOWEISHENGXIAN,ZAIXIHANZHENZHENGDENEIHANSHISHENTIZHUANGKUANGDEBIANHUA,DADAOMOUYIZHONGZUILIXIANGDEZHUANGTAI。ZAIXIHAN,RENSHENDEMOXINGHEYUZHOUDEMOXINGSHIYIZHIDE。SUOYISUOWEISIJIDEBIANHUAYESHISHENTIDEBIANHUA。SUOYOUWANWURENTIHUOZHESHIJIEZHIYOUYIGEGOUCHENG,JIUSHISUOWEI“QI”。QISANJIUSI,QIJUJIUSHENG。SUOYIANXIANDAIRENSIWEIDINGSHI,GUANHUITUJINGYINGGAISHIYOUNEIXIANGWAIDESHENGXIANGUOCHENG,DANSHISHISHIMUGUANDETUJINGSHIYOUWAIXIANGNEI,YUEDAOLIMIANCAISHIRIYUE。

  YOUQI3HAOMUYOUDALIANGDEYISHUCHUTU,ZAIYISHUZHONGDOUYOUBIJIAOYIZHIDEGUIFANXINGXIANGHEYUHUIMIAOXIERENRUHEHEQIJUQI,ZHEIGEYUHUISHIYOUNEIZAILUOJIGUANXIDE,YONGZHEIGE“YAOCHI”LAIKANMUSHINEIDETUXIANGJIUHUIDUDONGRIYUEHESHOUSHANSUOBIAOXIANDESHENGXIAN“DENGLONG”ZHUANGTAI。TONGYANGTONGGUOZHEIBAYAOCHIZAIQUYINZHENGSICHUANSHIGUANSHANGLEISISHUASHEHEYINJIUZHEIXIETIAOYUEXINGQIANGQIEMAOSIWUXIANJIEGUANLIANDETUXIANGPEIZHI,TONGYANGJIUHUIYIMULERAN,RENGRANGENZHIQIYUHEQIYOUGUAN,HEXINHAISHIWEIRAOXIAOYUZHOUHEDAYUZHOUCHANSHUTIANRENHEYIDEQICHANG。 SUOYIZAIMEISHUSHIYANJIUZHONG,YIZHONGLILUNHUOYIZHONGCHANSHIDECHENGLI,ZUIDADEYINZHENGBANFAJIUSHIZAIYONGTONGYANGDE“YAOCHI”QUKAIQITAMEN,NENGKAISHUOMINGYOUDAOLI。TONGSHIHAIXUZHUZHONGYUGUILVXINGXIANGGUANDEZHIJIE,TONGGUOPANGZHENGDEWENXIANHEKAOGUDETUPIANLAIFAXIANKEYICHUANQIZHEIXIEXIANSUODEYAOCHI。MEISHUSHIYANJIUZUIDADELEQUZAIYUZHUOMOYISHUPINBEIHOUDESILU。

西双版纳炒股开户  YISHUPINGLUN:NIZAIZUOMEISHUSHIYANJIUZHONGRUHETONGGUORENZHIGUANNIANZUONEIZHENG?

  WANGYUEJIN:WOBIJIAOXIHUANZAIYIGEKONGJIANLIYOUXILIETUXIANGDEQIANTIXIAYANJIUHEKAOCHAYISHUPIN,BAOKUOMEISHUZUOPIN。ZHURUMUZANG、FOJIAOSIYUANDEBIHUA、SHIKU、SHELIHANDENG。BIRUWOZAILIUNIANQIANFABIAOGUOYIPIANZHANGWEN 《LUNZHENSHEN:TANGDAIDIGUOWENHUAZHONGDEFOSHELIJIHUASHEN》(“Of the True Body:The Buddha’s Relics and Corporeal Transformation in Tang Imperial Culture”), SHOUZAI《ZHONGGUOSHIJUEWENHUAZHONGDESHENTIYUMIANXIANG》( Body and Face in Chinese Visual Culture,HAFODAXUECHUBANSHE, 2004)DUIFAMENSIDIGONGBAZHONGBAOHANZHENGGETUXIANGXILIEZUOYIGEWANZHENGDECHANSHI,YINWEIDANGSHIWOBINGBUZANTONGJINCONGFOJIAOYILIJIAODULAIJIEDU,JUEDEZUIZHONGHAISHIGEZHENGZHILISHIQINGJINGZHONGJIETUXIANGCHENGXULAIWANCHENGDEYICIXIANGZHENGYISHI。SUOYIWOYIZHIZHILIYUYANJIUNEIZAIDELUOJISILUHEBEIHOUDEKONGJIANGUANXI,YINWEIZHEIGEKONGJIANGUANXIZHIJIEGUANLIANDANGSHIGURENNAOHAIZHONGDUIKONGJIANJIEGOUDELIJIE,RANHOUBANEIZHONGJIEGOUTOUZHUDAOJUTIWUXIANGZHONG,SHUODAODIHEXINWENTISHIRENZAINAOZILISHIRUHEGOUZAOSHIJIEDE?

西双版纳炒股开户  MEIGERENDEDANAOZHONGDOUYOUYIGEDUISHIJIEDEXIANGXIANG,FANYINGCHENGTUXIANGJIUSHIDITU。ZAIZHONGGUORENNAOZHONGXIANGDUIXINGSHIHUADEMOXINGJIUSHIZHONGGUOZHANDIHENDA,ZHOUBIANDOUSHIMANYIZHIDI。

西双版纳炒股开户  WOJUEDEZHEIHENZHONGYAO,DANGRAN“SHIJIE”ZHEIGECIZAIZHONGGUOSHICONGFOJIAOZHONGYANBIANERLAI,FOJIAOMIAOHUIDESHIJIETUJINGZHONG,XIBIANSHIXIFANGJINGTU,DONGBIANSHIYAOSHIFO,BEIBIANMILEDOULV,NANMIANSHISHIJIAMOUNI,ZHEIJIUXUYAOSIKAO,DANGSHIGURENWEIHESHIZHEIYANGJIANZAOSHIJIE?YOUQIYIGETUXIANGPEIZHIZHONGTURANCHUXIANBIANYIXINGDE股票配资 ,SHIHEJIE?SUOYIWOTEBIEGANXINGQUZHEILEIRENZHISHANGDEWENTI。ZAIMEISHUSHIDEYANJIUZHONGWOGENGGUANZHUGURENDUISHIJIESHIRUHEGUIFANDE,RUHERENSHIDE,TONGGUONAXIEJUTIDELUOJIXINGSHIHEWUZHIXINGSHI,QUCHUANGZAOHEGUIFANYIGESHIJIE。

  探求古人的创意设计与理念

  YISHUPINGLUN:ZAIMEISHUSHIYANJIULINGYU,PINGPANXUEZHEYANJIUCHENGGUOYOULIEDEBIAOZHUNSHISHENME?

  WANGYUEJIN:SHITICHUYIGELINGRENXINFUDELILUNHUOCHENGGUO。ZAIGUOWAIDEXUESHUJIE,TISHENMEWENTITEBIEZHONGYAO,YOUXIEYANJIUWEISHENMEZONGSHILUORUSUTAO,JIUSHITIBUCHUXINDEWENTI,MEIYOUCHUANGYIZAIYUTADEWENTIJIUTICUOLE,YANJIUBANTIANHAISHIZHONGFUBIERENDEKUANGJIA,XUESHUSHANGZUINANDEHAISHITIWENTI,TICHUHAODEWENTIYIWEIZHEXUEWENDESANFENZHIYIYIZUOWANLE,DANXUNZHAOWENTIDEGUOCHENGJIUHENKUNNAN。

西双版纳炒股开户  YISHUPINGLUN:NIRUHEZAIMEISHUSHIDEZHIXUEYANJIUZHONGTICHUXINWENTI?

西双版纳炒股开户  WANGYUEJIN:ZAIYANJIUMEISHUSHIDEGUOCHENGZHONG,TUXIANGDEGOUCHENGHEPEILIEYIJIRENWUDEPEIZHIDOUYOUGETAO,ZENMEJIEDU?JIUKANYONGLENAXIECHENGUI,ZUOLENAXIEGAIBIAN,ZHEIXIEGAIBIANYOUQIGENCHENGUIYOURUOJIRUOLIDEDIFANGQIAQIASHIKEYITOULU股票配资 DEDIFANG,ZUOWEIYANJIUMEISHUSHIDEREN,ZHEIXIEDIFANGXUTEBIEZHUYI,YIBANZHEISHIWOMENYANJIUDEQIERUDIAN。BIRUFAMENSIDEGOUTUHEDANGSHINEIGENIANDAIDEMOUXIECHENGUISHIYOULUOJIGUANXIDE,CHULEYANXICHENGUIWAI,YEYOUBUTONGXUNCHANGXUYAOPOJIEDETUXIANGPEILIE,ERZHEIXIETUXIANGPEILIESHIMEIYOUXIANCHENG“SHUOMINGSHU”GONGCANKAODE。ZHEIJIUXUYAOHUOYONGKAOGUWENXIAN。YAOQULUNZHENGDANGSHIGURENDEGUDINGSILUHESIWEILUOJI,YAORUHELIJIEDANGSHIGURENDESIWEIFANGSHI,BIXUCONGWENXIANZHONGHUOYONGHECHOUQU,ZHONGXINJIANGOUDANGSHIDEGUDINGSIWEIMOSHI,CONGERZHONGXINJIANGOUBEINEIXIEMOSHIZHIPEIDETUXIANG。

西双版纳炒股开户  GURENZUORENHEDONGXIZONGYOUDAOLI,ZHEIGEDAOLISHIBUXIANXIANCHULAIDE,ZHISHITONGGUOWENXIANHUOTUPIANTIGONGYIXIEZHILIPOSUIDEXIANSUO。SUOYIYANJIUMEISHUSHI、KAOGUCAILIAOHUOZHEYISHUPIN,ZHONGYAODEBUSHIZHEIGEDONGXISHISHENME,ERSHIZHEIGEDONGXIBEIHOUYUNZUODEFANGSHISHISHENME。QIWUYEYIYANG,SHOUXIANYANJIUWEISHENMEZHEIMEZUO,CAIHUITONGGUOZHIZUOXIJIEZHIDAOZUOCHULAIZHEIGEQIWUJIAOSHENME,FANYINGZAIQIWUSHANGDEXINGSHILIWEISHENMEBEIHOUHUIYOUZHEIXIETUAN,WEISHENMEZHEIXIETUANSHIZHEIYANGERBUSHINEIYANGDE,MEISHUSHIJIUSHIJIEJUEYIGECHUFADIANDEWENTI,WEISHENMEZHEIGEDONGXISHIZHEIYANGDE。SUOYIZHONGDIANLINGHUIDANGSHIGURENDELILUHESILU,BUNENGPINGKONGCAICEHECHUAIDUTUXIANGZHIJIANDEGUANXI,BIXUTONGGUODANGSHIDEWENXIANHETUXIANGPEIZHIZUOKAOZHENG,YANJIUZHONGFUCHUXIANDEZHUDAOTUJINGZHIWAIDEMUTIGUANLIANYUFAZHAN。

西双版纳炒股开户  SUOYIJINDAOMUSHIKONGJIANZHONG,BIERENXIANHUIGAOQINGCHULIMIANDEDONGXISHISHENME,JIAOSHENME,WOYIBANHUIXIANKANKONGJIANDEGUANXISHISHENME,QIWUSHANGDETUANZHIJIANDELUOJIGUANXISHISHENME,WEISHENMEBUZHIDEMUSHISHIZHEIYANGDE,MEIMIANQIANGHUADEBIHUAHEMUSHILIDESHIGUANHUOZHEMUZANGDE黄金配资 SHISHENME。

西双版纳炒股开户  JIUXIANGSHEJISHISHEJIYIGEKONGJIAN,XIANMINGQUESHEJILINIAN,ZAITONGGUOSHEJILINIANZHUANHUANDAORUHEGOUTU,RANHOUZAIWEIRAOSHEJILINIANKAOLVYONGSHENMECAILIAO,RUHEZHUANGSHI。MEISHUSHIYANJIUZHONGBIJIAOYOUXIUDEANLIDOUSHIQIUJIEDAOGUDAISHEJISHIDESHEJICHUANGYIHESHEJILINIAN,YOUQISHIMUSHILIKENENGZHIYOUYIGETAIDENGHUOGUALEJIFUHUA,JUBUDECHANGJINGSHENZHIXUYAOXIANFUYUANCHENGYIGEFANGJIAN,BINGSHIXIANLEJIENEIGESHIDAICHANGGUIXINGDECHENSHE,FUYUANZHIHOUHAIYAOJIEJUEYIGEWENTIJIUSHIWEISHENMEHECHANGGUIBUYIYANG,RUHETIXIANSHEJICHUANGYI,YINWEIYOUXIEKENENGSHIXIJIELVEYOUBUTONG,BINGFEICHUANGYI。ZHEIGEXUESHUTIAOZHANHENYOUQU,XUYAOLUOJIXINGDEXIANGXIANG,KAOZHENGNEIZAIDEGUILVHESHEJIGUIZE,BINGSHUXIKONGJIANJIEGOUDEBIANHUA。ZHEISHIWOZAIMEISHUSHIYANJIUDEZHIXUESILUHEZHIXUEFANGFA。

  注重媒介与空间的内在关联

  YISHUPINGLUN:NIJUEDEGUWENXIANDEYINGYONGYUMEISHUSHIXUEKEDEJIBENXINGZHIYANJIUSHIFOUCUNZAIGUDINGDEXUESHUGUIFAN?

  汪悦进:古代文献的出发点大都不是为阐释艺术品而写。艺术史家借鉴这些文献,求解的是古人对事物体验不同于今人的思维方式及习惯表述。西方艺术史家巴克桑代尔(Baxandall)引意大利贵族妇女学习舞步的教本来阐释同时期文艺复兴油画中的希腊女神,当然是不顾原文献的初衷,所求的是文艺复兴时期的对人体形态的历史性描述。这本是艺术史的基本方法。我的一篇论文《塑造<法华经>——中国中古佛教的视觉文化》曾被一位书评人批评为不遵守艺术史“家法”。要说艺术史家法,无非是研究某一作品在形式上对陈规如何承袭并改造,这也是我的著作的基本方法。除此之外,哪还有一成不变的艺术史家法?任何学科都在发展变化,变法的重要远远大于家法。但总有一些人,自封为维护正统道学的家族族长,不准人越雷池一步。所以我会更乐意反馈诚意的学术交流。除此之外,情愿多做些原创性的研究。而且到此为止,以后不愿再在这事上做文章了。至于别人整天热衷于打笔墨官司来张扬自己,那是他们的学术态度和处世原则。人各有志,各行其道吧。



 
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